圣路易斯郡卫生局通报 严防志贺氏菌(细菌性痢疾)校园传播

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2024
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圣路易郡卫生局局长Faisal Kahn医生

【圣路易时报讯】圣路易斯郡卫生局刻正发现在小学和幼儿园志贺氏菌(细菌性痢疾)病例增加,志贺氏菌是细菌感染,主要症状是腹泻,但其他症状可包括胃痉挛,恶心,发烧和呕吐。志贺氏菌是非常传染性的,并且容易从人传播。 因此,郡卫生局强烈敦促居民采取预防措施以阻止疾病的传播。

圣路易郡卫生局局长Faisal Kahn医生提醒字长和各学校注意传染,并且采取下列预防措施:

  • 阻止志贺氏菌扩散的最有效的方法是随时洗手注意卫生
  • 有腹泻孩童应留在家中,不要去上学
  • 学校,幼儿园, 托儿所,餐馆和医疗机构出现腹泻的人员不应上班或工作
  • 所有症状消失后需休息一个星期
    怀疑诊断为志贺氏菌病,应立即报告圣路易斯郡卫生局

如有问题可电 314-615-1630,以便迅速采取措施,防止志贺氏菌(细菌性痢疾)蔓延。

有关志贺氏杆菌病的更多信息,请访问:
www.cdc.gov/nczved/divisions/dfbmd/diseases/shigellosis/

细菌性痢疾(简称菌痢)又称志贺菌病是由志贺菌属痢疾杆菌引起的一种肠道传染性腹泻,是夏秋季节最常见的肠道传染病之一。痢疾杆菌分为四个菌群:甲群(志贺氏痢疾杆菌)乙群(福氏痢疾杆菌)、丙群(鲍氏痢疾 杆菌)、丁群(宋氏痢疾杆菌)。疾病别名:细菌性痢疾,菌痢所属部位:腹部就诊科室:消化科,传染科,症状体征:发热食欲异常腹泻恶心与呕吐便血腹痛代谢性酸中毒。

痢疾的潜伏期长短不一,最短的数小时,最长的8天,多数为2~3天。由于临床表现和疾病经过不同,医学家将痢疾分为普通型痢疾、中毒型痢疾和慢性痢疾。细菌性痢疾临床上以发热、腹痛、腹泻、里急后重感及粘液脓血便为特征。其基本病理损害为结肠粘膜的充血、水肿、出血等渗出性炎症改变。

菌痢是通过粪—口途径传染的,就是说吃下痢疾病人和带菌者粪便污染过的食物可得痢疾。痢疾病人的大便含有大量的痢疾杆菌,所以是痢疾的主要传染源。健康带菌者外表上是健康人,但他们的大便带有痢疾杆菌,所以带菌者传播痢疾的作用不能忽视,是更危险的传染源。病人和带菌者的大便可通过多种方式污染食物、瓜果、水源、玩具和周围环境。s2

County Health Department Urges Precautions to Stop the Spread of Shigella

SAINT LOUIS COUNTY, MO – (October 12, 2016) St. Louis County is currently experiencing an increase in Shigella cases in daycare and school age children. Shigellosis is a bacterial infection. The primary symptom is diarrhea, but other symptoms can include stomach cramping, nausea, fever, and vomiting.

Shigellosis is very infectious and is easily transmitted from person to person. For this reason, the department is strongly urging residents to take preventative steps to stop the spread of the disease. “All of us can play an important role is preventing the spread of shigellosis,” said Dr. Faisal Kahn, director of the Saint Louis County Department of Public Health. “We urge parents, daycare providers, education institutions, the medical community, and the general public to follow all the basic precautions needed to stop more infections from occurring.”

The department is recommending residents immediately take the following basic precautions to stop the spread of shigellosis in the
community:

  • The most effective method to stop the spread of Shigella is with proper hand washing.
  • Parents should make sure children with diarrhea do not attend school or daycare.
  • Schools, daycares, restaurants, and healthcare facilities should exclude individuals with diarrhea from attendance or work, and those individuals diagnosed with Shigella will remain excluded until released back to work or attendance by the local department of health.
  • Every effort should be made to maintain the highest level of sanitation in each center by reinforcing the need for frequent hand washing and for the careful attention to disinfection of frequently touched surfaces.
  • If a person has been ill, he or she should refrain from recreational water venues for one week after all symptoms resolve.
  • If a healthcare provider suspects a diagnosis of shigellosis, it should be reported immediately to the Saint Louis County Department of Health by calling 314-615-1630 so that measures to prevent the spread can be rapidly undertaken.

For more information about shigellosis, please visit:
www.cdc.gov/nczved/divisions/dfbmd/diseases/shigellosis/

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