氣候變遷跨國界 臺灣參與獻心力

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Taiwan Seeks to Join Fight against Global Warming

Minister Ying-Yuan Lee
Environmental Protection Administration
Executive Yuan, R.O.C. (Taiwan)

September 2016

2Global warming and the El Niño phenomenon have contributed to record-breaking temperatures and extreme weather events around the world. In July this year, the global average temperatures taken over land and ocean surfaces were the highest for any month in 137 years of record-keeping. In June, the temperature in Taipei reached 38.7 degrees Celsius, the highest in a century. Another recent anomaly is a marked decline in the frequency of steady rainfall. Instead, we were hit with a series of torrential downpours that caused many flash floods, significantly damaging our infrastructure, ecosystem, as well as crops. More and more evidence is showing that climate change is already happening. If we don’t take action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions now, we will end up paying much more later on.

Unbounded economic growth and excessive exhaust have led to climate change which threatens human survival. Governments around the world realize this, and that’s why the landmark Paris Agreement was adopted in December 2015, bringing all nations together under a common cause that drives global mitigation actions with long-term goals. Climate change is arguably the single most important issue that put the future of humanity at stake. As a member of the international community, Taiwan cannot be a mere spectator to this problem and must come up with feasible solutions to live up to the name of Formosa, “beautiful island.”

We enacted the Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Management Act in July of last year, setting our long-term target to reduce our emissions by at least 50% below 2005 levels by the year 2050. Taiwan is among only a few countries in the world that have written into law a target for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Additionally, we’ve come to realize the need to further increase our energy efficiency and promote energy conservation, transform our industrial structure, as well as diversify our energy supply by tapping into renewable energies, such as solar, wind, biogas production using pig farm waste based on the concept of circular economy. We anticipate that by 2025, 20% of our energy will come from renewable energy. We have also established under the Executive Yuan the Office of Energy and Carbon Reduction whose main task is to plan overall national energy policy and promote conversion to newer forms of energy as well as GHG reduction. The office coordinates efforts among government agencies and also establishes partnerships between the central and local governments to reduce carbon and develop clean energy.

In her inaugural address earlier this May, President Tsai Ing-Wen made it clear that Taiwan will not be absent from the global efforts to mitigate climate change and that her government will regularly review goals to cut greenhouse gas emissions in accordance with the Paris Agreement. With this ambition, we enacted the Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Management Act, with periodic five-year regulatory goals that help enhance climate-change-response capacity building and promote efficient management in reducing greenhouse gas emissions across government agencies. This approach is in line with the goals of the Paris Agreement which encourages all countries to strengthen their determination to reduce emissions with the aim to achieve the long-term goal by the year 2050.

We only have one Earth and there is only one Taiwan. Therefore, we cannot take the issue of climate change lightly as we proactively respond to and support global initiatives. Climate change is a global issue that transcends national boundaries.  The actions we take today could have profound impacts on the lives of future generations. Climate change requires not only national but global solutions. That is why governments cannot do this alone. I sincerely urge the international community to recognize and support Taiwan’s determination to gain meaningful participation in the UNFCCC and become part of the global climate network. We are willing to share our environmental protection experiences and contribute to international efforts. Together with friendly nations, we will join hands to safeguard a sustainable earth.

氣候變遷跨國界 臺灣參與獻心力

行政院環境保護署 李應元署長
2016年9月

3由於全球暖化及聖嬰現象,世界各地不斷出現破紀錄的高溫與極端氣候事件,今(105)年7月全球海洋跟陸地的平均溫度更為過去137年有溫度觀測資料以來最熱的一個月份!臺灣臺北市今(105)年6月氣溫飆達攝氏38.7度,亦為百年來氣溫最高的紀錄,且穩定降雨日數減少,極端強降雨頻率增加之氣候異常現象,對基礎建設、生態與作物皆造成莫大之損害。愈來愈多的證據均顯示氣候變遷已為事實,若現在不採取任何行動來降低溫室氣體的排放量,未來我們將必須付出更多的代價。

沒有節制的經濟發展、過度的廢氣排放,導致氣候變遷並威脅人類的生存,讓世界各國政府皆意識到此問題的嚴重性,於西元2015年12月巴黎氣候公約會議通過了巴黎協定,將所有國家集結在一個共同任務下,以展開更長遠、更一致的全球因應氣候行動。人類歷史大概沒有任何一個單一議題,讓大家覺得如此命運與共,作為地球村成員,我們不能袖手旁觀,必須拿出對策,才無損臺灣美麗之島「福爾摩莎」的美譽!

我國在去(104)年7月已制定「溫室氣體減量及管理法」,明定溫室氣體長期減量目標為在西元2050年將排放量減至西元2005年排放量的50%。臺灣是世界上少數幾個將減少溫室氣體的排放納入法律目標的國家之一,但我國需要進一步地提升能源效率,並提倡節能、改變產業結構以及提供更多元化的能源供應,以發展更多的再生能源,主要包括太陽光電、風力發電,以循環經濟作法發展畜牧業沼氣發電等,期望到西元2025年再生能源發電占比達20%。我國已設立「行政院能源及減碳辦公室」,統籌國家能源政策,促進能源轉型及推動溫室氣體減量,整合跨部會協調與合作,建立中央部會與地方政府夥伴關係,共同落實執行低碳綠能工作。

 

我國今(105)年5月的總統就職演說中,蔡英文總統明確地表示我們不會在防制全球暖化、氣候變遷的議題上缺席,並根據「巴黎協定」的規定,定期檢討溫室氣體的減量目標;為此,我國刻依「溫室氣體減量及管理法」規範,逐期訂定以五年為一期的階段管制目標,並全面提升因應氣候變遷的能力建構,推動跨部門溫室氣體排放減量有效管理,以符合「巴黎協定」鼓勵各國強化減碳企圖心之主軸,致力達成西元2050年溫室氣體排放長期減量目標。

我們只有一個地球,我們也只有一個臺灣,所以我們嚴肅看待氣候變遷議題,呼應全球氣候行動並努力貢獻心力;氣候變遷為跨國界的全球議題,人類呼吸與共,也要留一口氣給地球後代子孫,這需要一個全球的解決方案,然而,一國政府無法獨自做到這一點,我懇切盼望並呼籲國際社會聆聽臺灣爭取實質參與氣候公約的聲音與訴求,讓臺灣能獲得國際社會的接受與關注,納入全球互助的體系,我們樂意分享臺灣在環境保護的努力與經驗,並把這些經驗回饋予國際社會,與友好國家攜手,共同維護永續的地球。

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