全球税负对比 美国人抱怨有理

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美国人总是抱怨交的税太高,果真如此吗?还是美国人过于矫情?

美国的税可分为以下几类,联邦税、州税和地方税;从税种看,有个人收入所得税、公司收入所得税、社会安全福利保障税和健康医疗税、销售税、财产税、地产税、遗产税、礼品税、消费税等.

在这些税中,它们占联邦收入所得税的比例不同,最高的几个税负分别为个人所得税(33.2%)、销售税(22.3%)、企业所得税(18.5%)、房产税(14.8%)和失业保险税。

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据财经网站“市场观察”(MarketWatch)早前报道,无党派机构稅务基金会(The Tax Foundation)称,2016年美国人要多付近20%的联邦、州和地方税。

它在其分析报告中称,2016年美国人用于食品的花费为1.6万亿,住房为2.1万亿,衣着为3600亿,总计为4.1万亿。但他们支付的联邦、州和地方税高达4.9万亿(3.34万亿为联邦税,1.6万亿为州和地方税)。

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2015年各个收入水平的美国人的纳税率是这样的:

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尽管这些数字看似惊人,但相比于其他国家,美国的税收虽高但并非最高。这是皮尤研究中心年初公布的美国税收同其他国家对比的分析研究报道:

MW-EK095_global_20160412130004_NS

那么,税负低的国家都有哪些,它们的税率又是多少呢?

据《商业内幕》(Business Insider)报道,世界经济论坛最近公布的关于世界经济状况的全球竞争力报告在税负方面对各个国家进行了对比,排出了全球税率最低的国家,当然美国不在其中。

17. 纳米比亚:21.3%

17. Namibia: 21.3% — Despite low taxes, Namibia's competitiveness is held back by slow government processes and a lack of access to financing, according to the WEF.

16. 加拿大: 21.1%

16. Canada: 21.1% — Canada is one of the few large, advanced economies that makes it into the upper reaches of the ranking for low taxes.

15. 柬埔寨: 21%

15. Cambodia: 21% — Cambodia has attracted a huge amount of foreign investment and, among Asian nations, it is the one that has posted the most improved competitiveness score since 2007.

14. 卢森堡: 20.1%

14. Luxembourg: 20.1% — Luxembourg is famed for its low tax rates, coming under fire late in 2014 when journalists revealed the extent of the country's private tax arrangements with major global companies.

13. 克罗地亚: 20%

13. Croatia: 20% — The country joined the European Union in 2013, cutting taxes in the same year.

12. 亚美尼亚: 19.9%

12. Armenia: 19.9% — Armenia has low taxes but geopolitics continue to cause

11. 赞比亚: 18.6%

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11. Zambia: 18.6% — Taxes may be low, but Zambia struggles with corruption, inflation and access to financing, according to the WEF, which keeps it low down in the overall competitiveness rankings.

10. 新加坡: 18.4%

10. Singapore: 18.4% — With such low tax rates, Singapore has become an important base of operations for companies looking to access the Asian market.

9. 格鲁吉亚: 16.4%

9. Georgia: 16.4% — Georgia embraced a low tax model after the fall of the Soviet Union, repeatedly slashing the number of taxes and their rates.

8. 阿拉伯联合酋长国: 15.9%

8. United Arab Emirates: 15.9% — Despite its low rate and high ranking, the UAE comes only fifth in the Middle East region, showing how low taxes in that part of the world are.

7. 沙特阿拉伯: 15%

7. Saudi Arabia: 15% — The Middle Eastern Kingdom has announced plans to shore up its public finances with borrowing and cost cutting in the wake of low oil prices.

6. 莱索托: 13.6%

6. Lesotho: 13.6% — Unlike many of the other countries on the list, Lesotho is one of the poorest in the world, and has the lowest taxes of any African country.

5. 巴林: 13.5%

5. Bahrain: 13.5% — The country is less oil-rich than some of its neighbours, but has still struggled with the

4. 科威特: 13%

4. Kuwait: 13% — The emirate last year rejected an IMF suggestion that it should introduce a business profit tax to address its fiscal shortfall.

3. 马其顿:12.9%

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3. Macedonia 12.9% — Macedonia has incredibly low tax rates, but loses out in the overall rankings for lack of policy stability and companies' access to financing.

2. 卡塔尔: 11.3%

2. Qatar: 11.3% — Qatar, which comes in at 18th for overall competitiveness, manages to edge out the region's other oil-rich states but still comes second for low taxes.

1. 文莱: 8.7%

1. Brunei: 8.7% — Brunei, one of the smallest countries in the WEF report with fewer than 500,000 inhabitants, is also one of the most competitive, coming in at 58th overall.

来源:侨报网

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